Two hands, one showing thumbs up and the other showing thumbs down.The Consumer Price Index is used to calculate inflation, or the change in price of a basket of goods and services, as it impacts consumers; whereas, the Producer Price Index measures changes in selling prices, thereby expressing price changes from the perspective of the seller who produces a particular commodity.

A slide presentation updated with February 2014 data shows the Midwest inflation rate increased from January to February for both urban metros and non-metro urban areas.

The Producer Price Index data shows that prices in the United States have increased from February 2013 to February 2014 for aircraft (2.2 percent), crude petroleum (2.2 percent), natural gas (72.9 percent), and slaughter livestock (11.6 percent). During that same time period, sorghum prices decreased 36 percent and wheat prices decreased 10.6 percent.

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Learn more about the CPI.

Learn more about the PPI.

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