A person's hand holding two smaller than normal dollar bills. The Consumer Price Index is used to calculate inflation, or the change in price of a basket of goods and services, as it impacts consumers; whereas, the Producer Price Index measures changes in selling prices, thereby expressing price changes from the perspective of the seller who produces a particular commodity.

A slide presentation updated with July 2015 data shows the Midwest inflation rate increased from June to July in urban metros and non-metro areas.

The Producer Price Index data shows that prices in the United States have increased from July 2014 to July 2015 for aircraft (0.9 percent) and sorghum (20.9 percent). During that same time period, the index decreased for crude petroleum (48.4 percent), natural gas (38.9 percent), slaughter livestock (14.0 percent), and wheat (11.1 percent).

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Learn more about the CPI.

Learn more about the PPI.

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