The Consumer Price Index is used to calculate inflation, or the change in price of a basket of goods and services, as it impacts consumers; whereas, the Producer Price Index measures changes in selling prices, thereby expressing price changes from the perspective of the seller who produces a particular commodity.
A slide presentation updated with September 2015 data shows the Midwest inflation rate increased from August to September in urban metros and in non-metro areas.
The Producer Price Index data shows that prices in the United States have increased from September 2014 to September 2015 for aircraft (0.7 percent) and sorghum (13.6 percent). During that same time period, the index decreased for crude petroleum (54.3 percent), natural gas (36.5 percent), slaughter livestock (16.9 percent), and wheat (23.4 percent).
Access this slide presentation.