InflationThe Consumer Price Index is used to calculate inflation, or the change in price of a basket of goods and services, as it impacts consumers; whereas, the Producer Price Index measures changes in selling prices, thereby expressing price changes from the perspective of the seller who produces a particular commodity.

A slide presentation updated with June 2018 data shows the Midwest inflation rate increased from May to June for large and small uban metro areas. 

The Producer Price Index data shows that prices in the United States have increased from June 2017 to June 2018 for aircraft (1.3 percent), wheat (20.4 percent), sorghum (7.3 percent), and petroleum (-7.3 percent). During that same time period, the index decreased for slaughter livestock (-10.7 percent) and natural gas (-13.9 percent).

Access this slide presentation.

Learn more about the CPI.

Learn more about the PPI.

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